Punishment is a touchy subject. There are many different opinions on the matter, and as such, it can be hard to find an appropriate punishment for various crimes. However, there are two perspectives that most people agree with:
Utilitarianism states that punishment should be based on how much it will help society as a whole, while retributivism states that punishment should fit the crime committed. In this blog post, we’re going to talk about both of these philosophies in order to determine which one you might find more compelling!
The Utilitarian Perspective:
According to Beccaria’s and Bentham’s utilitarian rationale, punishment should be based on what will help society as a whole. As such, the goal of punishment is to prevent future crimes by reforming criminals or deterring others from committing them in the first place.
Punishment can also maintain social order and rehabilitate offenders by teaching them how to behave properly without breaking any laws–all while protecting individual rights and freedoms. This philosophy emphasizes prevention over retribution because it recognizes that every crime has an impact beyond just those who were directly harmed.
For example, if someone lies about a product then this could lead other people not wanting to buy from this company even though they have nothing personally against either party involved!