Aerobic cellular respiration is also known as oxidative phosphorylation. The electrons from the electron transport chain are used to make a molecule called ATP. The high-energy phosphates, in turn, are added to ADP and phosphate.
This equation describes the process that takes place when oxygen, in the presence of glucose or other sugars, combines with water and carbon dioxide to produce energy in a series of chemical reactions within mitochondria inside cells.This article is a question and answer page on what the different types of respiration are and which one they are
. Interesting fact: Oxidative Phosphorylation is approximately 15% of cellular respiration. If you’re looking for some good websites to learn something new, these sites should be your starting point! Additionally, there is an answer at the bottom.
1. Anaerobic cellular respiration
Equation : C6H12O6 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
Answer : This equation represents fermentation. Fermentation is an organism’s ability to convert sugar into other compounds without using oxygen. This process occurs in yeast cultured on sugar, some bacteria, and even some animals like humans.
Ferretion produces energy and carbon dioxide. This process may produce only small amounts of ATP because large amounts of pyruvate are converted into ethanol (as in the case of yeast) or lactate (as in the case of mammals).
It is the process of breaking down glucose and electrical potential derived from the oxidation of carbohydrates. This process takes place in the absence of oxygen in certain microorganisms or certain types of aerobic organisms, such as those that live in very low oxygen environments, deep water or near a fire.
In aerobic cells, on the other hand, sugars are metabolized with oxygen and other cofactors. This subtype is more common among higher plants and animals than bacteria. In bacteria, there are several types of anaerobic respiration. They are found in some groups of bacteria, such as Providencia and Thauera. They also occur in aerobic bacteria as a result of extreme physical characteristics. The way that the anaerobic respiration oxidizes glucose differs from aerobic respiration.
The anaerobic respiration uses glycolysis and fermentation to convert sugars into gluconic acid, pyruvic acid, acetic acid and other known acids, which can then be excreted without producing energy derived from the oxidation of carbohydrates or proteins. It should be noted that this process is usually very slow compared to aerobic respiration.
Advantages of anaerobic respiration :
· It has a high energy yield. The energy released can be used to generate ATP by oxidative phosphorylation.
· Kilocalorie yield of oxygen respiration is higher than anaerobic respiration and other oxidative respiration.
· It can also be used in situations where oxygen is not available, such as deep sea or in anaerobic conditions.
In aerobic cells, the lactic acid produced during aerobic cellular respiration is broken down into pyruvate and lactate in anaerobic cells. This process facilitates purification of NADH so that it can be converted back to NAD+ using the amino acids tryptophan and L-glutamic acid.
2. Aerobic cellular respiration
Equation : glucose + oxygen + coenzymes [Alpha-Ketoglutaric Acid, NADH, FADH2] – Electrons
Answer: This equation represents aerobic cellular respiration. Aerobic cellular respiration is a process that occurs in most cells of higher plants and animals. The products of this reaction are H2O, Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), carbon dioxide, some amino acids and other small amounts of energy. In the process that produces ATP, electrons are transferred from one molecule to another. For example, glucose is broken down into form and hydrogen ions by the enzyme Glucose-6-Phosphatase .
It is a process in which the oxidation of glucose occurs with oxygen. In this process, there is no net change in the oxygen molecule. It produces energy derived from the oxidation of carbohydrates and proteins. Because it requires oxygen as a final electron acceptor, it takes place only in aerobic organisms.
Translation: It uses up all of the glucose you give it and turns it into water and carbon dioxide. There is no net gain in energy. It converts at least 4 ATP molecules into each glucose molecule broken down.
Advantages of aerobic respiration :
· It produces higher amounts of ATP through the process of oxidative phosphorylation.
· The breakdown of glucose, which is an anaerobic process, is more efficient when it occurs in aerobic organisms.
· The oxidation of glucose generates respiratory carbon dioxide and water. Some of this water can be absorbed by plants and used to help maintain homeostasis in the living environment.